Posted: November 30th, 2013








Question 1

Dietary supplements are controlled by the food law, but with some special provisions, from other food. Claims that are allowed on supplement labels are; first, the freedom of manufacturers to give information concerning the benefits of the supplement on the label, by following three claims, which include: health claims, claims of structure function and claims of nutrient content. Health claims show how a disease and food content are related. For example, the possibility of acquiring osteoporosis may be lessened by calcium concentrated diets, is a health claim that has been approved by Food and Drug Administration. Therefore, it may be indicated on dietary supplement labels (Mahan, Escott-Stump, Raymond, & Krause, 2012).

Claims of structure function describe the benefit associated with a disease caused by nutrient deficiency, with the condition that the statement states the range of spread of the disease. The claim can also state the work of a nutrient, whose purpose is to affect a function or structure. For example, a statement that calcium helps in the build of strong bones. On the other hand, claims of nutrient content show a dietary substance or nutrient concentration of a product. However, FDA-regularized names such as free, good source or high should be used. For example, for a dietary supplement to pass a fat-free claim, the fat contained in each serving should not exceed o.5 grams.

Misleading and false claims are not allowed on supplement labels. For example, a claim for the ability of the supplement product to cure, diagnose or treat (Schlenker, Roth & Williams, 2011). The current system is under scrutiny by various critics concerning the public safety in using supplements. The main concern is that the supplement regulatory is constantly modified. As a result, this makes it possible for harmful products to be marketed. Some critics believe that DSHEA gives small businesses the opportunity to market their products with poor investment on the approval of the safety of the product. It is not a requirement for manufacturers of dietary supplements to follow the procedures of the FDA, in carrying out safety studies.

Question 2

Nutrition status is the health condition of a person, which is influenced by the consumption and use of nutrients. One of the methods used to determine the nutrition status of an individual is the clinical method (Maqbool, Olsen & Stallings, 2008). This method involves observing the body changes of an individual, which could show a certain deficiency. I conducted the study on my 27-year-old cousin. Parts of the body that I observed were the hair, teeth, gums, face, eyes, glands, skin, lips, tongue, nails and the skeletal system. Indicators that I looked for included: first, luster and coloration of the hair. Secondly, the face muscles firmness or tightness.

Thirdly, the status of the eye in terms of moisture, its ability to resist infection, the ability of the eye to see at all times and other observable features. Fifth, the conditions of the lips, for example, are they moisturized or dry. Lastly, observable features of the tongue, teeth, gums, glands, skin, nails and skeletal system. I observed that she had trouble seeing at night, therefore night blindness. Apart from this, she also complained that her eyes itched, now for some several weeks (Last, 3). Her hair was extremely dry, even though she claimed that she constantly oiled it. I also observed that she constantly skipped meals. This she said was because she did not have an appetite.

She was susceptible to colds, in that, she had one cold after another. Lastly, she stated that she had sinus problems, which could also be noted after proper observation. I did not detect any other problems in her body and health. These symptoms indicate lack of enough in take of vitamin A, which is also known as beta-carotene. The vitamin is mostly found in liver, fish, asparagus, apricot, yellow and green vegetables and fruits, butter, garlic, products of milk, pumpkin and sweet potatoes.


Last, Walter. Deficiency Symptoms. Retrieved from http://www.health-science-spirit.com/deficiency.html

Mahan, L. K., Escott-Stump, S., Raymond, J. L., & Krause, M. V. (2012). Krause’s food & the nutrition care process. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier/Saunders.

Maqbool, A., Olsen, I. E., & Stallings, V. A. (2008). Clinical Assessment of Nutritional Status. Nutrition in Pediatrics (2). Retrieved from anhi.org/learning/pdfs/bcdecker/Clinical_Assessment_of_Nutritional_Status

Schlenker, E. D., Roth, S. L., & Williams, S. R. (2011). Williams’ essentials of nutrition and diet therapy. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier/Mosby.

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